Primary and Secondary Sources

Topic: Women’s Rights post Civil War

Zotero Library:

Source #1: Journal Article


This article discusses how after the Civil War, both women and Black men wanted the right to vote. In general, the civil war was an act to achieve rights, women did not however, walk away with such success. It explains that Black men were able to succeed in gaining this right, while women were not. The author examines why this happened, highlighting the different strategies and circumstances that influenced the outcomes for each group.

Source #2: Book

GRANT, SUSAN-MARY. “To Bind Up the Nationʹs Wounds: Women and the American Civil War.” In The Practice of U.S. Women’s History: Narratives, Intersections, and Dialogues, edited by S. JAY KLEINBERG, EILEEN BORIS, and VICKI L. RUIZ, 106–25. Rutgers University Press, 2007.

This specific chapter talks about how women were important during the Civil War. It explains that they helped in different ways like nursing soldiers, spying, and supporting families. The chapter highlights the significance of women’s contributions to the war, despite often being overlooked in traditional historical narratives. Women are often overseen by many when the Civil War is discussed as they were when rights were granted to many excluding women.

Source #3: First Primary Source

MacMahon, T.J., Bereman, H.A., Hobbs, Clara M., Waterman, Julia T., Baldwin, Esther E., Boretti, Albert F., Evans, I.D., et al. Shall Women Vote? Documents. The Outlook; Ella Strong Denison Library; Claremont Colleges Digital Library, 1912.

The document “Shall Women Vote?” discusses whether women should be allowed to vote. It includes writings from different people who have different opinions on this topic. Some might say women should vote, while others might disagree.

From this document, people can learn that back then, not everyone agreed on whether women should have the right to vote. It shows that there were different views on this issue, and it gives us an idea of what people thought about women’s roles in society and politics at that time. It also shows how people argued for or against women’s voting rights.

Source #4: Second Primary Source

Barton, Clara (1821-1912). Clara Barton to Lon Poor about the changes in Abraham Lincoln. [Correspondence]. At: Place: The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. GLC08375. Available through: Adam Matthew, Marlborough, American History, 1493-1945.

The document from Clara Barton to Lon Poor discusses changes in Abraham Lincoln’s health, it was hand-written by her on Feburary 29, 1864.

This provides insights into Barton’s perspective on Lincoln’s evolving demeanor or policies during a significant historical period. It offers valuable perspectives on leadership, historical context, personal relationships, and interpretations of historical events. Barton’s spent a lot of time in the action of the Civil War and she was named the “Angel of the Battlefield” after becoming such a helpful figure. She proved women to be useful during this time of war and distress.

Source #5: Third Primary Source

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, and Gage, Matilda Joslyn. Declaration of Rights of the Women of the United States by the National Woman Suffrage Association. Documents. National Woman Suffrage Association; Ella Strong Denison Library; Claremont Colleges Digital Library, 1876.

The “Declaration of Rights of the Women of the United States” was written in 1876 by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage. It’s a document that outlines the rights that women believed they should have in the United States.

From this document, people can learn about the demands and aspirations of the women’s suffrage movement in the late 19th century. It provides insight into the specific rights that women were fighting for at that time, such as the right to vote, own property, receive education, and have equal opportunities in society. It also offers a glimpse into the strategies and language used by suffragists to advocate for gender equality and women’s rights during this period in American history.


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